A portion of the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Police Department positions are filled by appointments rather than the competitive hiring process. The D.C. Code states that these excepted service employees are required to be residents of the District within 180 days of their appointment or forfeit their position.
According to the Washington Times:
The D.C. Code provides that only police officers at the rank of captain can be selected for sworn police excepted service positions. In addition to 220 such positions, the MPD is allowed to designate 1 percent of its total authorized positions as excepted service policy positions. No more than 10 policy positions may be filled by sworn members.
The Fraternal Order of Police has discovered that more than half of such appointments are in violation of the District’s residency requirements.
“Over the past year, the FOP has become aware of several inappropriate and potentially unlawful actions by the [MPD] with regard to executive compensation and excepted service personnel,” wrote Kristopher K. Baumann, chairman of the FOP,
“The FOP is concerned that a number of excepted service personnel employed by the [MPD] are not in compliance with the domicile requirements,” Mr. Baumann wrote. “This includes sworn employees at the rank of inspector, commander and assistant chief and all civilian excepted service employees.”