Just Cause For Discipline

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  • How police officers went from being at-will employees to having meaningful job protections. • Civil service systems, police discipline boards, and arbitration of discipline.
  • The 12 requirements for just cause for discipline, including progressive discipline, consideration of mitigating circumstances, the implications of training, and proportionality of punishment.
  • The requirements for a thorough investigation and timely processing of complaints, and where and how more unusual disciplinary penalties such as demotion and transfer can be used.
  • The increase in challenges to the binding nature of arbitration decisions.